Retinopatia diabética e condições associadas que relação? Um estudo em doentes com diabetes mellitus tipo 2

Translated title of the contribution: Diabetic retinopathy and associated conditions what relationship? A study in Portuguese patients with type 2 diabetes

C. Nabais, J. Pereira, P. Pereira, R. Capote, S. Morbeck, J. Raposo

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Abstract

Background and Aims: Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in adults in Western countries. There are few studies about this microvascular complication in the Portuguese population. The aim of the present study is to establish the relationship between diabetic retinopathy, risk factors and associated conditions, in a group of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Material and Methods: We performed a descriptive, transversal and case-control study that included 874 patients - 437 with and 437 without diabetic retinopathy, respectively. Data were collected from electronic medical records, in the Portuguese Diabetes Association with a first consult of Diabethology. Results: The group with retinopathy had significantly higher values of HbA1c, systolic blood pressure and years of diagnosis, compared with the group without retinopathy (p 6.5%) but in the subgroup with retinopathy, the percentage of patients in these conditions was higher (91.3%) compared to control group (73.2%) (p
Translated title of the contributionDiabetic retinopathy and associated conditions what relationship? A study in Portuguese patients with type 2 diabetes
Original languagePortuguese
Article numberSUPPL.2
Pages (from-to)71-78
Number of pages8
JournalActa Médica Portuguesa
Volume24
Issue numberSUPPL.2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • hemoglobin A1c
  • article
  • case control study
  • controlled study
  • correlation analysis
  • descriptive research
  • diabetic nephropathy
  • diabetic patient
  • diabetic retinopathy
  • disease association
  • electronic medical record
  • glycemic control
  • hemoglobin blood level
  • human
  • hypertension
  • major clinical study
  • non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
  • patient education
  • Portugal
  • prevalence
  • risk factor
  • systolic blood pressure
  • Aged
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged

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