Diabetes hinders community-acquired pneumonia outcomes in hospitalized patients

M. Martins, J. M. Boavida, J. F. Raposo, F. Froes, B. Nunes, R. T. Ribeiro, M. P. Macedo, C. Penha-Goncalves

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35 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) in hospitalized patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and its impact on hospital length of stay and in-hospital mortality. Research design and methods: We carried out a retrospective, nationwide register analysis of CAP in adult patients admitted to Portuguese hospitals between 2009 and 2012. Anonymous data from 157 291 adult patients with CAP were extracted from the National Hospital Discharge Database and we performed a DM-conditioned analysis stratified by age, sex and year of hospitalization. Results: The 74 175 CAP episodes that matched the inclusion criteria showed a high burden of DM that tended to increase over time, from 23.7% in 2009 to 28.1% in 2012. Interestingly, patients with CAP had high DM prevalence in the context of the national DM prevalence. Episodes of CAP in patients with DM had on average 0.8 days longer hospital stay as compared to patients without DM (p
Original languageEnglish
Article number e000181
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016


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