Intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents are the gold standard treatment of ocular neovascular diseases. However, their short-term efficacy implies frequent intravitreal injections. Gene therapy has the ability to provide longer duration of the therapeutic effect. We have previously described the effectiveness of the self-replicating episomal vector, pEPito, in long-term gene expression in mouse retina. In this study, we evaluated different constructs to overexpress pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), an angiogenesis inhibitor, and simultaneously, to silence placental growth factor (PlGF), a key player in neovascularization. We employed the human cytomegalovirus promoter to drive the expression of PEDF and PlGF shRNA, in conjunction with cis-acting ribozymes, using pEPito as expressing vector. Our results demonstrated that the non-viral systems were able to efficiently promote a sustained increase of the PEDF: PlGF ratio in the mice retina, decreased in pathological conditions. This innovative approach could open avenues for the development of new therapeutic strategies.