Development of a maturity model for additive manufacturing: A conceptual model proposal

Pedro Espadinha-Cruz, Angela Neves, Florinda Matos, Radu Godina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Additive manufacturing (AM) is an emerging area with the potential to modify present business models in the near future. In contrast with conventional manufacturing (CM), AM allows the development of a product from a smaller amount of raw material, while allowing an improvement in properties in terms of weight and functionality. Its production flexibility and creativity in terms of materials have enabled not only the industry to use this technology, but also has been used in healthcare (e.g., in the production of human tissue) and by the final consumer. Despite the invaluable opportunities that this technology could provide, the uncertainties concerning its future developments and impacts on business models remain. New business models in AM will convey the need to: specialize the workforce in the design of new parts produced locally or remotely; regulation in the use and sharing of intellectual property rights by partner companies or between users; regulate the possibility of reverse engineering of highly customized products; etc. The present research proposes a conceptual maturity model to support the phases of evolution of AM in the industry, in supply chains, and in terms of open business models.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere16099
Number of pages25
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • 3D printing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Knowledge management
  • Maturity model


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of a maturity model for additive manufacturing: A conceptual model proposal'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this