This paper describes the development and validation of an assay for the simultaneous quantification of the antiviral and antiretroviral drugs zidovudine, abacavir, emtricitabine, lamivudine, tenofovir and ribavirin in human plasma using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Sample pretreatment consisted of protein precipitation with 0.1\% (v/v) formic acid in methanol, evaporation and reconstitution. Chromatographic separation was performed on a Synergy Polar reversed phase C18 column (150 mm x 2.0 mm ID, particle size 4 mu m) using a stepwise gradient with 0.1\% (v/v) formic acid in water and 0.1\% (v/v) formic acid in methanol at a flow rate of 300 mu L/min. A triple quadrupole mass spectrometer operating in the positive ionization mode was used for drug detection and quantification. Isotopically labeled zidovudine, lamivudine, tenofovir and ribavirin were used as internal standards. The method was validated over a clinical range of 20-2500 ng/mL for zidovudine, lamivudine and tenofovir, 4-500 ng/mL for abacavir and emtricitabine and 160-20,000 ng/mL for ribavirin. The inter and intra-assay accuracies and precisions were between -8.47\% and 14.2\% for zidovudine, emtricitabine and ribavirin. For abacavir, lamivudine and tenofovir, the inter and intra-assay accuracies and precisions at the lower limit of quantification were between -11.0\% and 18.3\%, whereas at all other levels these accuracies and precisions were between -11.7\% and 12.0\%. The described method is suitable for the determination of zidovudine, abacavir, emtricitabine, lamivudine, tenofovir and ribavirin in human plasma in clinical practice to monitor plasma concentrations in selected cases to optimize therapy. (C) 2013 Published by Elsevier B.V.
|Journal||Journal Of Chromatography B-Analytical Technologies In The Biomedical And L|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2013|