Development and characterisation of hybrid polysaccharide membranes for dehydration processes

Inês T. Meireles, Rosa M. Huertas, Cristiana A.V. Torres, Isabel M. Coelhoso, João G. Crespo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this work is the development and characterisation of new hybrid polysaccharide (FucoPol) membranes. These membranes were prepared by incorporation of a SiO2 network homogeneously dispersed by using a sol-gel method with GPTMS as a crosslinker silica precursor. They were further crosslinked with CaCl2 for reinforcement of mechanical properties and improvement of their permeation performance. They were characterised in terms of their structural, mechanical and thermal properties. They presented a dense and homogeneous structure, resistant to deformation, with a Tg of 43 °C and a thermal decomposition between 240 and 251 °C. The hybrid FucoPol membranes were tested for ethanol dehydration by pervaporation and also for nitrogen dehydration. They exhibited high water selectivity values, similar to PERVAP® 4101, however they lost their stability when exposed to solutions of 10.0 wt.% water in ethanol. In contrast, these membranes were stable when applied in N2 dehydration, leading to reproducible performance and very high water selectivities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-224
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume191
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • Biopolymer
  • Ethanol dehydration
  • Gas dehydration
  • Hybrid membranes
  • Sol-gel process

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