Determination of competitive isotherms of enantiomers by a hybrid inverse method using overloaded band profiles and the periodic state of the simulated moving-bed process

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A procedure for determination of adsorption isotherms in simulated moving-bed (SMB) chromatography is presented. The parameters of a prescribed adsorption isotherm model and rate constants are derived using a hybrid inverse method, which incorporates overloaded band profiles of the racemic mixture and breakthrough data from a single frontal experiment. The latter are included to reduce the uncertainty on the estimated saturation capacity, due to the dilution of the chromatograms with respect to the injected concentrations. The adsorption isotherm model is coupled with an axially dispersed flow model with finite mass-transfer rate to describe the experimental band profiles. The numerical constants of the isotherm model are tuned so that the calculated and measured band profiles match as much as possible. The accuracy of the isotherm model is then checked against the cyclic steady state (CSS) of the target SMB process, which is readily and cheaply obtained experimentally on a single-column set-up. This experiment is as expensive and time consuming as just a few breakthrough experiments. If necessary, the isotherm parameters are adjusted by applying the inverse method to the experimental CSS concentration profile. The method is successfully applied to determine the adsorption isotherms of Trögers base enantiomers on Chiralpak AD/methanol system. The results indicate that the proposed inverse method offers a reliable and quick approach to determine the competitive adsorption isotherms for a specific SMB separation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)302-313
Number of pages12
JournalJournal Of Chromatography A
Volume1189
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2008
Event31st International Symposium on High Performance Liquid Phase Separations and Related Techniques - Ghent, Belgium
Duration: 17 Jun 200721 Jun 2007

Keywords

  • Chiral separation
  • Enantiomers
  • Inverse method
  • Isotherm determination
  • Simulated moving bed

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