Determinants of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in São Paulo-Brazil: a multilevel Bayesian analysis of factors associated with individual, community and access to health services

Luiz Henrique Arroyo, Mellina Yamamura, Antônio Carlos Vieira Ramos, Laura Terenciani Campoy, Juliane de Almeida Crispim, Thais Zamboni Berra, Luana Seles Alves, Yan Mathias Alves, Felipe Lima Dos Santos, Ludmilla Leidianne Limirio Souza, Alexandre Tadashi Inomata Bruce, Hamilton Leandro Pinto de Andrade, Valdes Roberto Bollela, Elias Teixeira Krainski, Carla Nunes, Ricardo Alexandre Arcêncio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) remains a serious public health problem worldwide. Accordingly, this study sought to identify individual, community and access to health services risk factors for MDR-TB.

METHODS: Retrospective cohort of all TB cases diagnosed between 2006 and 2016 in the state of São Paulo. A Bayesian spatial hierarchical analysis with a multilevel design was carried out.

RESULTS: It was identified that the history of previous TB treatment (Odds Ratios [OR]:13.86, 95% credibility interval [95% CI]:12.06-15.93), positive sputum culture test (OR: 5.26, 95% CI: 4.44-6.23), diabetes mellitus (OR: 2.34, 95% CI: 1.87-2.91), residing at a standard address (OR: 2.62, 95% CI: 1.91-3.60), positive sputum smear microscopy (OR: 1.74, 95% CI: 1.44-2.12), cavitary pulmonary TB (OR: 1.35, 95% CI: 1.14-1.60) and diagnosis performed due to spontaneous request (OR: 1.26; 95% CI: 1.10-1.46) were associated with MDR-TB. Furthermore, municipalities that performed HIV tests in less than 42.65% of patients with TB (OR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.25-1.79), that diagnosed TB cases only after death (OR: 1.50, 95% CI: 1.17-1.93) and that had more than 20.16% of their population with income between ¼ and ½ of one minimum wage (OR: 1.56, 95% CI: 1.30-1.87) were also related to the MDR-TB.

CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge of these predictive factors may help to develop more comprehensive disease prevention strategies for MDR-TB, avoiding the risks expressed regarding drug resistance expansion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)839-849
Number of pages11
JournalTropical medicine & international health : TM & IH
Volume25
Issue number7
Early online date1 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • access
  • and evaluation
  • communicable disease control
  • health care quality
  • multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
  • risk factors
  • socioeconomic factors

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