Determinants of health-related quality of life and global functioning and health in axSpA, pSpA, and PsA: results from the ASAS-PerSpA study

Helena Santos, Ana R Henriques, Pedro M Machado, Clementina Lopez-Medina, Maxime Dougados, Helena Canhão, Ana M Rodrigues, Fernando M Pimentel-Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We aim to identify determinants of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and global functioning and health (GH) in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), peripheral spondyloarthritis (pSpA), and psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

METHODS: ASAS-perSpA study data were analyzed. Models for the three patient groups were performed separately to explore factors associated with HRQoL and GH, assessed by EQ-5D and ASAS-HI, respectively.

RESULTS: The analyses included 4185 patients: 2719 with axSpA, 433 with pSpA, and 1033 with PsA.In axSpA, disease activity (DA) (β=-0.061), physical function (β=-0.041), female sex (β=-0.019), and fibromyalgia (β=-0.068) were associated with worse HRQoL; age (β = 0.001) and university education (β = 0.014) with better HRQoL. In pSpA, DA (β=-0.04) and physical function (β=-0.054) were associated with worse HRQoL. In PsA, DA (β=-0.045), physical function (β=-0.053), axial disease (β=-0.041), and female sex (β=-0.028) were associated with worse HRQoL.In axSpA, DA (β = 0.889), physical function (β = 0.887), peripheral disease (β = 0.564), female sex (β = 0.812) and fibromyalgia (β = 1.639) were associated with worse GH; age (β=-0.013) and university education (β=-0.274) with better GH. In pSpA, physical function (β = 1.142), and female sex (β = 1.060) were associated with worse GH; university education (β=-0.611) with better GH. In PsA, DA (β = 0.703), physical function (β = 1.025), axial involvement (β = 0.659), female sex (β = 0.924), and fibromyalgia (β = 1.387) were associated with worse GH; age (β=-0.024) and university education (β=-0.856) with better GH.

CONCLUSIONS: DA and physical function are major HRQoL and GH determinants across spondyloarthritis types, and clinical characteristics and sociodemographic factors play an important role, highlighting the importance of a holistic approach for individual patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalRheumatology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2023

Keywords

  • ASAS-HI
  • EQ-5D
  • PerSpA
  • burden
  • determinants
  • global-health
  • outcomes
  • psoriatic arthritis
  • quality-of-life;
  • spondyloarthritis

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