Determinants, Health Problems, and Food Insecurity in Urban Areas of the Largest City in Cape Verde.

I Craveiro, Daniela Alves, Miguel P. Amado, Zelia Santos, AT Fortes, AP Delgado , A Correia, Luzia Augusta Pires Gonçalves

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Abstract

Urbanization processes are intertwined with nutritional transition because there is easier access to food of low nutritional quality at reduced prices, changing dietary patterns and leading to an increase of non-communicable chronic diseases. This study aims to understand the perceptions for high blood pressure, obesity, and alcoholism, describing some interactions of these dimensions in the problem of food security in the city of Praia. A qualitative study was carried out under the framework of the research project "UPHI-STAT: Urban Planning and Health Inequalities-moving from macro to micro statistics". Ten focus groups were conducted in three urban areas with distinct characteristics in the city of Praia, with a total of 48 participants. Participants reported frequent consumption of foods with poor nutritional quality, understanding the potential danger in terms of food security in the city of Praia. Easy access to and high levels of alcohol consumption, and poor quality of traditional drinks were mentioned by participants in the study areas. The impact of the economic situation on the possibility of access to safe and healthy options emerged as a differentiating factor.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Pages (from-to)E1155.
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Nov 2016

Keywords

  • Africa
  • Food security
  • Social determinants
  • Urban health

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