Desulforubrerythrin from Campylobacter jejuni, a novel multidomain protein

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Abstract

A novel multidomain metalloprotein from Campylobacter jejuni was overexpressed in Escherichia coli, purified, and extensively characterized. This protein is isolated as a homotetramer of 24-kDa monomers. According to the amino acid sequence, each monomer was predicted to contain three structural domains: an N-terminal desulforedoxin-like domain, followed by a four-helix bundle domain harboring a non-sulfur mu-oxo diiron center, and a rubredoxin-like domain at the C-terminus. The three predicted iron sites were shown to be present and were studied by a combination of UV-vis, EPR, and resonance Raman spectroscopies, which allowed the determination of the electronic and redox properties of each site. The protein contains two FeCys(4) centers with reduction potentials of +240 mV (desulforedoxin-like center) and +185 mV (rubredoxin-like center). These centers are in the high-spin configuration in the as-isolated ferric form. The protein further accommodates a mu-oxo-bridged diiron site with reduction potentials of +270 and +235 mV for the two sequential redox transitions. The protein is rapidly reoxidized by hydrogen peroxide and has a significant NADH-linked hydrogen peroxide reductase activity of 1.8 mu mol H2O2 min(-1) mg(-1). Owing to its building blocks and its homology to the rubrerythrin family, the protein is named desulforubrerythrin. It represents a novel example of the large diversity of the organization of domains exhibited by this enzyme family.
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)501-510
JournalJournal Of Biological Inorganic Chemistry
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011

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