Photonic micro/nano-structures in the wave-optics regime have shown to be a promising strategy for effective broadband light capture in ultra-thin devices, opening a window of opportunity for cheap, efficient, lightweight and flexible photovoltaics (PV). Here we design, from an optical standpoint, a novel industrially-attractive concept where light trapping is obtained by conformably depositing the solar cell materials onto previously-patterned photonic substrates. This solution is applied and optimized for perovskite solar cells (PSCs) with distinct thicknesses of the perovskite absorber - the conventional (500 nm) and ultra-thin (300 nm) in view of enhanced flexibility - yielding photocurrent improvements up to 22.8% in superstrate cell configuration and 24.4% in substrate-type configuration; thereby coming relatively close to the fundamental Lambertian limits. Furthermore, these structures also show an omni-direction optical response for incidence angles up to 70° for all cases, therefore demonstrating the viability of this light trapping method for implementation in flexible PV devices operating under bending. The photonic-enhanced ultra-thin solar cells designed here ultimately support the reduction of material usage in PSC technology, which is especially beneficial to mitigate lead usage, without impacting the device's performance.
- Flexibility and photocurrent enhancement
- Light trapping
- Perovskite solar cells