Descemet’s Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty for Corneal Endothelial Failure Secondary to Three Types of Phakic Intraocular Lens – Retrospective Study

Nuno Moura-Coelho, João Paulo Cunha, Arnaldo Dias-Santos, Marco Dutra-Medeiros, Renato Papa-Vettorazzi, Felicidad Manero, José Güell

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Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the outcomes of Descemet’s membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) for corneal endothelial failure secondary to phakic intraocular lens implantation (PIOL) at a reference center for corneal transplantation in Spain. Design: Retrospective, single-surgeon case series. Methods: Single-center analysis of patients who underwent DMEK for PIOL-related corneal decompensation between July 2011 and July 2020 with at least 6 months of follow-up postoperatively. Primary outcome was final best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA, logMAR) compared to pre-DMEK BCVA. Secondary outcomes analyzed included post-DMEK refractive spherical equivalent, endothelial cell loss (%ECL), and graft failure. Results: Sixteen eyes (14 patients) underwent DMEK for PIOL-related corneal decompensation. Mean (SD) time to PIOL explantation was 9.3 (5.0) years, and median (P25-P75) time between PIOL explantation and DMEK surgery was 3 (2–4) months. Median pre-DMEK BCVA was 0.80 (1.08–0.60) logMAR. A statistically significant improvement in BCVA was observed 1 month after DMEK (p = 0.001), and median final BCVA was 0.15 (0.0–0.35) logMAR (p = 0.002). Mean %ECL was 55.6 (18.7) % at 2-year follow-up and 61.7 (11.7) % in eyes with over 4 years of follow-up. Two eyes required re-bubbling (12.5%), one of which ended in primary graft failure (6.2%) and one eye had late endothelial graft failure (LEGF) at 4-year follow-up (1/15 grafts, 6.7%). Conclusion: In patients with PIOL-related corneal decompensation, DMEK leads to good and clinically significant refractive and visual outcomes in the medium-long term, with a good safety profile. Prospective studies are encouraged to ascertain whether these cases are at increased risk of accelerated endothelial cell loss and LEGF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-940
Number of pages10
JournalCLINICAL OPHTHALMOLOGY
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • corneal endothelial failure
  • descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty
  • endothelial keratoplasty
  • phakic intraocular lens

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