Depression, anxiety and alcohol abuse in a gastroenterology intensive care unit: Prevalence and detection

Graça Cardoso, Joana Alexandre, Alda Rosa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To assess depression, anxiety, and alcohol abuse in a Gastroenterology ICU, and the level of its detection by the staff. Method: All patients consecutively admitted to the ICU during a six-month period, 18 or above, and staying > 24 hours, were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the CAGE. Doctors and nurses assessed the type and severity of patients' morbidity. Data were analyzed with Student's t-test, Pearson's and Spearman's correlations for ordinal variables, chi-square for nominal variables, and multiple logistic regression. Results: The 65 patients assessed had a mean age of 57, and were predominantly male (58.5%), married (72.3%), and retired (53.8%); 27.7% had a psychiatric history, 24.6% were on psychotropic drugs, and 32.3% had an alcohol intake above standards. Anxiety and depression HADS scores > 8 were present in 29.2% and 35.4% of the patients, respectively; 20%, mainly men, scored positive on the CAGE. Women had significantly higher anxiety scores (=.012) than men but did not differ in depression. A psychiatric history was significantly associated with higher anxiety (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-52
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Alcohol abuse
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Detection
  • ICU


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