Density, Viscosity, and Refractive Index of Ionic Liquid Mixtures Containing Cyano and Amino Acid-Based Anions

Andreia S. L. Gouveia, Liliana C. Tomé, Isabel M. Marrucho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, mixtures of five ionic liquids (ILs) based on a common cation, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ([C2mim]+), and amino acid anions, namely glycinate ([Gly]a), l-alaninate ([l-Ala]a), taurinate ([Tau]a), l-serinate ([l-Ser]a), and l-prolinate ([l-Pro]a) with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tricyanomethane, [C2mim][C(CN)3], were prepared. The thermophysical properties, namely density, viscosity, and refractive index, of the neat ILs and their mixtures were measured in the temperature range of T = (293.15 up to 353.15) K. The thermal expansion coefficients were calculated for the neat ILs and were considered to be independent of temperature in the working temperature range. Overall, experimental density, viscosity, and refractive index data of the neat AAILs were in a good agreement with those reported in literature. A dramatic decrease in the viscosity was observed for the IL mixtures as the [C2mim][C(CN)3] content increased. The obtained results indicate that mixing [C2mim][C(CN)3] with amino acid-based ILs is a potential mean to further increase flexibility and the fine-tune capacity of the physical and chemical properties of amino acid-based ILs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-93
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Chemical and Engineering Data
Volume61
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jan 2016

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