Density of deep eutectic solvents: The path forward cheminformatics-driven reliable predictions for mixtures

Amit Kumar Halder, Reza Haghbakhsh, Iuliia V. Voroshylova, Ana Rita C. Duarte, M. Natalia D.S. Cordeiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Deep eutectic solvents (DES) are often regarded as greener sustainable alternative solvents and are currently employed in many industrial applications on a large scale. Bearing in mind the industrial importance of DES—and because the vast majority of DES has yet to be synthesized—the development of cheminformatic models and tools efficiently profiling their density becomes essential. In this work, after rigorous validation, quantitative structure-property relationship (QSPR) models were proposed for use in estimating the density of a wide variety of DES. These models were based on a modelling dataset previously employed for constructing thermodynamic models for the same endpoint. The best QSPR models were robust and sound, performing well on an external validation set (set up with recently reported experimental density data of DES). Furthermore, the results revealed structural features that could play crucial roles in ruling DES density. Then, intelligent consensus prediction was employed to develop a consensus model with improved predictive accuracy. All models were derived using publicly available tools to facilitate easy reproducibility of the proposed methodology. Future work may involve setting up reliable, interpretable cheminformatic models for other thermodynamic properties of DES and guiding the design of these solvents for applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5779
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2021


  • Cheminformatics
  • Consensus modelling
  • Density
  • DES
  • QSPR
  • Thermophysical properties
  • Validation


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