Demonstration of efflux of ethidium bromide (EtBr) has been made for over 30 bacterial species, usually by showing enhanced efflux in multidrug-resistant strains that was then abolished by inactivating efflux pumps. Here we present a relatively simple automated method that employs EtBr as an efflux pump substrate for the demonstration of intrinsic efflux activity in Escherichia coli K-12 AG100. The method uses the Rotor-Gene 3000™ instrument for real-time fluorometric measurement of EtBr accumulation under conditions that limit energy (absence of glucose, low temperature) and of EtBr extrusion under optimum conditions. The method can be used for screening compound libraries for efflux inhibiting capacity.
- Automated method
- Bacterial efflux pumps
- Efflux pump inhibitors
- Escherichia coli
- Ethidium bromide
UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
- SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being