CURB-65 and other markers of illness severity in community-acquired pneumonia among HIV-positive patients

Andre Almeida, Ana Rita Almeida, Sara Castelo Branco, Zsofia Vesza, Rui Pereira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As the relative burden of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia among HIV-positive patients increases, adequate prediction of case severity on presentation is crucial. We sought to determine what characteristics measurable on presentation are predictive of worse outcomes. We studied all admissions for community-acquired bacterial pneumonia over one year at a tertiary centre. Patient demographics, comorbidities, HIV-specific markers and CURB-65 scores on Emergency Department presentation were reviewed. Outcomes of interest included mortality, bacteraemia, intensive care unit admission and orotracheal intubation. A total of 396 patients were included: 49 HIV-positive and 347 HIV-negative. Mean CURB-65 score was 1.3 for HIV-positive and 2.2 for HIV-negative patients (ptextless0.0001), its predictive value for mortality being maintained in both groups (p=0.03 and ptextless0.001, respectively). Adjusting for CURB-65 scores, HIV infection by itself was only associated with bacteraemia (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 7.1, 95% CI [2.6-19.5]). Patients withtextless200 CD4 cells/mu L presented similar CURB-65 adjusted mortality (aOR 1.7, 95% CI [0.2-15.2]), but higher risk of intensive care unit admission (aOR 5.7, 95% CI [1.5-22.0]) and orotracheal intubation (aOR 9.1, 95% CI [2.2-37.1]), compared to HIV-negative patients. These two associations were not observed in thetextgreater200 CD4 cells/mu L subgroup (aOR 2.2, 95% CI [0.7-7.6] and aOR 0.8, 95% CI [0.1-6.5], respectively). Antiretroviral therapy and viral load suppression were not associated with different outcomes (ptextgreater0.05). High CURB-65 scores and CD4 countstextless200 cells/mu L were both associated with worse outcomes. Severity assessment scales and CD4 counts may both be helpful in predicting severity in HIV-positive patients presenting with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)998-1004
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal Of Std & Aids
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

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