We study the effect of the amount of cross-linking agent upon the mechanical and electro-optical behaviour of several cells prepared from hydroxypropylcellulose (HPC) cross-linked with 1,4 diisocianatobutane (BDI) (0.0%, 3.1%, 7.6%, 12.3% w/w). The tensile properties and the sol/gel fractions were obtained as a function of the amount of the cross-linking agent used to prepare the solid films. The Young's modulus appears to be constant, over the range of concentrations studied. The electro-optical cells prepared with the nematic liquid crystal (E7) were analysed by light transmission. Several trends were observed, e.g. the cross-linking agent, at the percentages used, has a strong influence on the cells contrast but not on the cell's maximum transmission or turn on voltage, while the film thickness shows preponderantly its influence on the cell's maximum transmission and turn on voltage. The mechanical properties of the HPC films are important for a recent application that is now being developed [Liq. Cryst., in press], where a flexible substrate is used. The results obtained point out ways for the realisation of an optimum electro-optical cell.
- Cross-linked hydroxypropylcellulose films
- Electro-optical properties
- Liquid crystals
- Mechanical properties