Costs of incident non-hip osteoporosis-related fractures in postmenopausal women from a payer perspective

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Abstract

Summary: Osteoporosis-related fractures lead to high morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs among post-menopausal women. This study showed that incident non-hip osteoporosis-related fractures are frequent among women aged 50 + in Portugal, leading to excessive healthcare costs of €74 million per year, in a conservative scenario. Purpose: This study aimed to estimate the costs of incident non-hip osteoporosis-related fractures among postmenopausal women living in Portugal from a payer perspective. Methods: The study includes women ≥ 50 years old who participated in the baseline assessment (2011–2013) and the first follow-up wave (2013–2015) of the Epidemiology of Chronic Diseases cohort, a Portuguese community-based longitudinal prospective study (n = 2,762). Incident non-hip osteoporosis-related fractures were defined as any self-reported low impact non-hip fractures since baseline. Healthcare resource utilization during the year following fracture was obtained from an informal panel of experts. The amounts of resources used were multiplied by the national tariffs practiced in the National Health Service (NHS) to obtain the cost per patient in the year following a wrist, vertebral, or other site fracture, which was subsequently multiplied by the estimated annual number of incident fractures to obtain the total annual cost of incident non-hip osteoporosis-related fractures among postmenopausal women. Results: Each year approximately 5,000 wrist, 3,500 vertebral, and 39,000 other-site osteoporosis-related fractures occur in women aged 50 + in Portugal. Healthcare costs per patient in the year following fracture vary from €2,709.52 for vertebral fractures to €3,096.35 for other fractures. Non-hip incident osteoporosis-related fractures among 50 + women cost approximately €74 million per year. Among all healthcare services, physiotherapy represents the bulk of costs. Conclusions: This study pinpoints the relevance of preventing non-hip osteoporosis-related fractures, as these cost about €74 million per year in direct healthcare costs, a substantial impact on the budget of the Portuguese NHS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2111–2119
JournalOsteoporosis International
Volume34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Cost-of-illness
  • Healthcare
  • Non-hip osteoporosis-related fractures
  • Osteoporosis
  • Postmenopausal women

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