Copper(II) Complexes with 2,2′:6′,2″-Terpyridine Derivatives Displaying Dimeric Dichloro−μ-Bridged Crystal Structure: Biological Activities from 2D and 3D Tumor Spheroids to In Vivo Models

Katarzyna Choroba, Barbara Machura, Karol Erfurt, Ana Rita Casimiro, Sandra Cordeiro, Pedro V. Baptista, Alexandra R. Fernandes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Eight 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridines, substituted at the 4′-position with aromatic groups featuring variations in π-conjugation, ring size, heteroatoms, and methoxy groups, were employed to enhance the antiproliferative potential of [Cu2Cl2(R-terpy)2](PF6)2. Assessing the cytotoxicity in A2780 (ovarian carcinoma), HCT116 (colorectal carcinoma), and HCT116DoxR (colorectal carcinoma resistant to doxorubicin) and normal primary fibroblasts revealed that Cu(II) complexes with 4-quinolinyl, 4-methoxy-1-naphthyl, 2-furanyl, and 2-pyridynyl substituents showed superior therapeutic potential in HCT116DoxR cells with significantly reduced cytotoxicity in normal fibroblasts (42-129× lower). Besides their cytotoxicity, the Cu(II) complexes are able to increase intracellular ROS and interfere with cell cycle progression, leading to cell death by apoptosis and autophagy. Importantly, they demonstrated antimetastatic and antiangiogenic properties without in vivo toxicity. In accordance with their nuclear accumulation, the Cu(II) complexes are able to cleave pDNA and interact with bovine serum albumin, which is a good indication of their ability for internalization and transport toward tumor cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5813-5836
Number of pages24
JournalJournal Of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume67
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Apr 2024

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