Constitutionalism and Developmental Authoritarianism: Power, Law and Legitimacy in Post-Genocide Rwanda

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

The general aim of this chapter is to contribute to the scientific debate about 'presidents for life' in Sub Saharan Africa. More specifically, based on the analysis of Paul Kagame`s leadership in Rwanda, our goal is to understand which legitimizing criteria may explain the resilience of personalized and authoritarian regimes, and to what extent these criteria compromise the consolidation of constitutionalism and democracy. This article is divided into three sections. Section 1 briefly examines the phenomena of personal rule and power legitimation in Sub Saharan Africa, and how it was impacted by colonial rule, independence, 'Democracy`s third wave' and by the more recent period of 'democratic recession'. Section 2 analyzes the case of Rwanda through three different perspectives: history, power and law, and relates them to the justifications adopted by the RPF regime to legitimize the 2015 constitutional review process. Section 3 presents some preliminary findings.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDemocracy, elections and constitutionalism in Africa
EditorsCharles M. Fombad , Nico Steytler
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press
Chapter8
ISBN (Print)9780192894779
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021
EventSixth Stellenbosch Annual Seminar onn Constitutionalism in Africa : Democracy, Elections and Constituitionalism in Africa - Stellenbosch Institute for Advanced Study (STIAS), Stellenbosch , South Africa
Duration: 4 Sep 20186 Sep 2018
https://stias.ac.za/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/SASCA-2018-Conference-programme_3.pdf

Publication series

NameStellenbosch Handbooks in African Constitutional Law

Seminar

SeminarSixth Stellenbosch Annual Seminar onn Constitutionalism in Africa
Abbreviated titleSASCA 2018
CountrySouth Africa
CityStellenbosch
Period4/09/186/09/18
Internet address

Keywords

  • Constitutionalism
  • Presidents for Life
  • Rwanda
  • Constitution
  • Law
  • Paul Kegame

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