Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic After Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery—Associations Between Emotional Distress, Energy-Dense Foods, and Body Mass Index

Catarina Durão, Carlos Vaz, Vasco Novaes de Oliveira, Conceição Calhau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose: To estimate the association of emotional distress with both consumption of energy-dense micronutrient-poor foods (EDF) and body mass index (BMI) and the association between EDF consumption and change in BMI, during COVID-19 pandemic in patients with prior bariatric surgery. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study applied an online structured questionnaire to 75 postoperative bariatric patients during the first Portuguese lockdown. Emotional distress was assessed trough the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and dietary intake was evaluated by Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Self-reported BMI prior to and at the end of confinement was used to compute BMI change. Pre-surgery BMI was computed from measured height and weight from clinical records. Results: After adjustment for education, sex, time since surgery, pre-surgery BMI, and exercise practice, moderate/severe scores in HADS were significantly positively associated with consumption of EDF (ẞ = 0.799; 95% CI: 0.051, 1.546), but not with BMI. Daily EDF consumption significantly increased the odds of maintaining/increasing BMI (OR = 3.34; 95% CI: 1.18, 9.45), instead of decreasing it (reference). Sweets consumption was the only subcategory of EDF significantly positively associated with the odds of a worse outcome in BMI change (OR = 4.01; 95% CI: 1.13, 14.22). Conclusions: Among postoperative bariatric patients, higher reported levels of emotional distress during confinement are associated with increased EDF consumption. Increased EDF consumption during confinement, particularly sweets, is associated with higher odds of bariatric patients not decreasing their BMI. Additional effort is needed to address inadequate lifestyle behaviors among these patients in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
JournalObesity Surgery
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 6 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • bariatric surgery
  • BMI
  • COVID-19
  • Energy-dense foods
  • HADS scale

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Confinement During the COVID-19 Pandemic After Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery—Associations Between Emotional Distress, Energy-Dense Foods, and Body Mass Index'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this