Although everybody has an intuitive notion of what collaboration is, this concept is often confused with cooperation. For many people, the two terms are indistinguishable. Even when a distinction is made, there are many different uses of the term collaboration in the current literature. The ambiguities reach a higher level when other related terms are considered such as networking, communication, and coordination (Denise, 1999; Grosz, 1996; Himmelman, 2001; Pollard, 2005). Although each one of these concepts is an important component of collaboration, they are not of equal value; neither one is equivalent to it.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Networked and Virtual Organizations
EditorsG. D. Putnik, M. Cruz-Cunha
Place of PublicationHershey, PA
PublisherIGI Global
ISBN (Electronic)9781599048864
ISBN (Print)9781599048857
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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    Camarinha-matos, L. M., & Afsarmanesh, H. (2008). Concept of Collaboration. In G. D. Putnik, & M. Cruz-Cunha (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Networked and Virtual Organizations (Vol. 1, pp. 311-315). Hershey, PA: IGI Global. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-59904-885-7.ch041