Complexation of aluminum(III) by anthocyanins and synthetic flavylium salts: a source for blue and purple color

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Abstract

The single crystal structure of two synthetic flavylium salts possessing a catechol unit in position 7 and 8, (7,8-dihydroxy-4-methylflavylium,7,8- dihydroxyflavylium) is shown. The formation of aluminium complexes with these ligands as well as with the natural anthocyanin, cyanin, and the deoxyanthocyanidin, luteolinidin, both bearing a cathecol unit in position 3′ and 4′, is described. Complexation with Al3+ stabilizes the blue ionised quinoidal base avoiding its degradation by reaction with oxygen. The simple model developed to describe the complexation, indicates a metal ligand stoichiometry of 1:1. The complexation constants lie between 5.5 × 106 < Kcp < 1.3 × 109.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-61
Number of pages11
JournalInorganica Chimica Acta
Volume356
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2003

Keywords

  • Al
  • Anthocyanins
  • Blue-purple colour
  • Cathecol
  • Synthetic flavylium

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