PURPOSE: To compare the surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) vector, flattening effect, torque, and wound architecture following femtosecond laser and manual clear corneal incisions (CCIs). METHODS: In a double-armed, randomized, prospective case series, cataract surgery was performed for 600 eyes using femtosecond laser (300 eyes) or manual (300 eyes) 2.4-mm CCIs in temporal or superior oblique locations. SIA, flattening effect, torque, and the summated vector mean for SIA were calculated. Correlation with individual features was established and incision morphology was investigated by anterior segment optical coherence tomography at 3 months of follow-up. RESULTS: The SIA, flattening effect, and torque were lower in the femtosecond laser group for both incision locations, although the differences were not significant (all P > .05). The femtosecond laser group showed less dispersion of SIA magnitude and flattening effect. Temporal and superior oblique incisions resulted in flattening effect values of -0.11 and -0.21 diopters (D), respectively, in the femtosecond laser group and -0.13 and -0.34 D, respectively, in the manual group. Significant correlations with individual features were only found in the femtosecond laser group, with preoperative astigmatism being the only significant SIA predictor by multiple regression analysis (P = .003). Femtosecond laser CCIs showed less deviation from the intended length, wound enlargement, endothelial misalignment, and Descemet membrane detachments (all P < .037). CONCLUSIONS: Femtosecond laser CCIs were more reproducible. Although SIAs were smaller in femtosecond laser CCIs than in manual CCIs for both temporal and superior oblique incisions, the difference was not statistically significant. Association with individual features is highly variable.