Comparison between polyphenol profile and bioactive response in blackthorn (Prunus spinosa L.) genotypes from north Serbia-from raw data to PCA analysis

B. M. Popović, B. Blagojević, R. Ždero Pavlović, N. Mićić, S. Bijelić, B. Bogdanović, A. Mišan, Catarina M.M. Duarte, Ana Teresa Serra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this work was to investigate and compare the phenolic profile of 15 wild growing blackthorn (Prunus spinosa L.) genotypes from the slopes of Fruška Gora mountain in north Serbia. Their effect in inhibiting i) α-amylase and α-glucosidase activities and ii) colorectal cancer cell line (HT29) growth was also studied. Blackthorn fruit extracts exhibited high phenolic content being enrich in anthocyanins. Principal component analysis was used to correlate the bioactive response with phenolic composition. It was found that derivatives quercetin and anthocyanin peonidin are the major contributors of the inhibition of carbohydrates hydrolyzing enzymes as well as with the antiproliferative effect of blackthorn. Among all samples, the genotype from Beška locality showed the higher capacity in inhibiting alpha-amylase, alpha-glucosidase and HT29 cell growth. Because of high anthocyanin content and higher bioactive response, these genotypes could be recommended for the further cultivation and investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125373
JournalFood Chemistry
Volume302
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Antiproliferative effect
  • Blackthorn
  • PCA
  • Polyphenols
  • α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase activities

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