Comparative study of Cr:Nd:YAG and Nd:YAG solar laser performances

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Abstract

To improve the efficiency of Nd3+-doped YAG solar laser, cross-pumped Cr3+ and Nd3+ co-doped YAG ceramic material has attracted more attentions in recent years. The sensitizer Cr3+ ions have broad absorption bands in the visible region. Despite the interests in Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic medium, researchers have achieved significant laser efficiencies with different Nd:YAG single-crystal rods. While it is clear about the effectiveness of Nd:YAG single-crystal rods for solar laser operation, there still exist some concerns about the advantages of Cr:Nd:YAG ceramics in solar-pumped lasers. A 0.9 m diameter Fresnel lens is used as an economical solar collector. A 4 mm diameter, 25 mm length 1.0 at% Nd:YAG single-crystal rod and a 0.1 at% Cr: 1.0 at% Nd:YAG ceramic rod are pumped alternatively within a conical cavity through a secondary concentrator. With the Nd:YAG rod, the maximum laser power is 12.3 W, corresponding to 19.3 W/m2 collection efficiency. With the Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic rod, the maximum laser power is 13.5 W, corresponding to 21.2 W/m2 collection efficiency. This result is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest collection efficiency achieved with Cr:Nd:YAG ceramic medium. There is also a 109% increase in slope efficiency. In summary, we have experimentally observed a moderate, but not significant, advantage of Cr:Nd:YAG ceramics over Nd:YAG single-crystal medium in both solar laser conversion and slope efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications
EditorsM. F. P. C. M. Costa
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
ISBN (Print)978-0-8194-9601-0
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting, RIAO 2013 and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications, OPTILAS 2013 - Porto, Portugal
Duration: 22 Jul 201326 Jul 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
PublisherSPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume8785
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

Conference8th Iberoamerican Optics Meeting, RIAO 2013 and 11th Latin American Meeting on Optics, Lasers, and Applications, OPTILAS 2013
CountryPortugal
CityPorto
Period22/07/1326/07/13

Keywords

  • Brightness
  • Collection efficiency
  • Cr:Nd:YAG
  • Fresnel lens
  • Nd:YAG
  • Solar laser

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