Community-Acquired Pneumonia in HIV-Positive Patients: an Update on Etiologies, Epidemiology and Management

André Almeida, Matteo Boattini

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose of Review: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the cause of a considerable burden of morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected patients. The purpose of this study was to review recent literature for epidemiological trends and management of CAP in HIV patients. Recent Findings: While the specific infectious etiologies are very diverse, bacterial infection and tuberculosis are the main causes of CAP in this population. Bacterial CAP mostly affects high-income countries, while tuberculosis is mostly in low-/middle-income countries. Early antiretroviral therapy is of benefit for all patients regardless of etiology and immune status. Summary: Specific etiologies require individualized approaches, both therapeutically and prophylatically. Antiretroviral therapy is recommended for all patients.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalCurrent Infectious Disease Reports
Volume19
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Community-acquired pneumonia
  • Human immunodeficiency virus
  • Pneumonia
  • Tuberculosis

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