Combining multielement analysis and chemometrics to trace the geographical origin of Rocha pear

Inês Coelho, Ana Sofia Matos, Rita Teixeira, Ana Nascimento, João Bordado, Olivier Donard, Isabel Castanheira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This work aims at characterizing the mineral profile of a Portuguese variety of pear, Rocha pear, and study the relationship between the nutritional profile and geographical origin. Multielement analysis of twenty-four elements (Al, As, B, Be, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, P, Pb, Se, Sn, Sr, Tl, Zn) was performed using an ICP-MS and ICP-OES, on 50 samples originating from two regions, one with Protected Designation of Origin (PDO), known as “Pera Rocha do Oeste” and the other without (nPDO). Correlation analysis was performed to check for potential relationships between elements. Results from PDO and nPDO regions were compared using chemometric tools, namely Principal Component Analysis, Hierarquical Cluster Analysis and Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA). The predictive model, built and validated, classified samples according to their regional origin with 100% accuracy. The present study shows that multielement analysis combined with the appropriate statistical tools can be a valuable contribution from the identification of the geographical provenance of Rocha Pears. It provides important nutritional information regarding the mineral composition of Rocha pears, not available until know, promoting the linkage between the nutritional profile and geographical origin, filling the gap of absent values in FCDBs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Food Composition and Analysis
Volume77
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Authenticity
  • Chemometrics
  • Classification
  • Food analysis
  • Food composition
  • Fruits (agro-product)
  • Inorganic markers
  • Multielement analysis
  • Rocha pear
  • Traceability

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