Colour modulation of blue anthocyanin-derivatives. Lignosulfonates as a tool to improve the water solubility of natural blue dyes

Paula Araújo, Nuno Basílio, Joana Azevedo, Ana Fernandes, Nuno Mateus, Fernando Pina, Victor de Freitas, Joana Oliveira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
50 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The impact of a lignosulfonate (calcium) (L) on the chromatic features of two anthocyanin-derived bluish dyes (portisin, P and pyranoanthocyanin dimer, PD) was evaluated in aqueous solutions using UV–Visible spectroscopy. It was demonstrated that the interaction between each dye and this macromolecule at pH 1 occurs by two mechanisms, association and copigmentation that are dependent on L concentration. For instance, at low concentrations of L (up to 0.27 μM) it is observed the association of dyes promoted by their complexation with lignin (different molecules of dye are bound to the same binding sites of L). At higher concentrations of L (25 μM), the aggregation of dyes decreases and each molecule is bound to a different site of L resulting in the formation of a charge-transfer complex (copigmentation). Moreover, the titration of both dyes (P and PD) in the presence of L (19 μM) showed a strong stabilization of their pyranoflavylium cation forms revealed by the considerably higher pKa1 (6.6 ± 0.1 and 6.2 ± 0.1 for P and PD, respectively) in the presence of this macromolecule when compared to the values obtained in the absence (pKa1 = 4.61 ± 0.03 and 4.93 ± 0.04). In addition, the water solubility of the dyes in the absence and presence of L was also evaluated by turbidimetry and the results showed that the water soluble lignosulfonate improved the solubility of the dyes over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-159
Number of pages10
JournalDyes and Pigments
Volume153
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • Calcium lignosulfonate
  • Charge-transfer complex
  • Colour
  • Portisins
  • Pyranoanthocyanin dimers

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