Cognitive spaces and metaphors: a solution for interacting with spatial data

Nelson Neves, João Pedro Silva, Pedro Gonçalves, Joaquim Muchaxo, João M. Silva, António Câmara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Spatial information analysis and handling requires the use of three cognitive spaces: haptic, pictorial, and transperceptual. Geographical information systems interfaces do not yet integrate these three spaces in the same working environment. We present an interface designed to integrate the three cognitive spaces: The Virtual GIS Room - an interface solution for geographical information systems users, using popular tools such as digitizing tablets and mice (or pens) along with position and orientation sensors and head mounted displays, more popular in typical virtual environments. The use of immersive virtual environments as an add-on to traditional geographical information systems enhances the user ability to explore and visualize data, providing the transperceptual space missing in the usual desktop metaphor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-488
Number of pages6
JournalComputers and Geosciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997


  • Geographical Information Systems
  • Human-computer interaction
  • Simulation
  • Virtual environments
  • Visualization


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