Protein misfolding is a hallmark of a number of metabolic diseases, in which fatty acid oxidation defects are included. The latter result from genetic deficiencies in transport proteins and enzymes of the mitochondrial beta-oxidation, and milder disease conditions frequently result from conformational destabilization and decreased enzymatic function of the affected proteins. Small molecules which have the ability to raise the functional levels of the affected protein above a certain disease threshold are thus valuable tools for effective drug design. In this work we have investigated the effect of mitochondrial cofactors and metabolites as potential stabilizers in two beta-oxidation acyl-CoA dehydrogenases: short chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase and the medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase as well as glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase, which is involved in lysine and tryptophan metabolism. We found that near physiological concentrations (low micromolar) of FAD resulted in a spectacular enhancement of the thermal stabilities of these enzymes and prevented enzymatic activity loss during a 1 h incubation at 40 degrees C. A clear effect of the respective substrate, which was additive to that of the FAD effect, was also observed for short- and medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase but not for glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase. In conclusion, riboflavin may be beneficial during feverish crises in patients with short- and medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase as well as in glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiencies, and treatment with substrate analogs to butyryl- and octanoyl-CoAs could theoretically enhance enzyme activity for some enzyme proteins with inherited folding difficulties.
|Journal||Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Molecular Basis Of Disease|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2011|