Coastal and marine protected areas as key elements for tourism in small islands

Catarina Fonseca, Helena Calado, Fabiana Moniz, Chiara Bragagnolo, Artur Gil, Mike Phillips, Miguel Moreira, Margarida Angélica Pires Pereira Esteves, Carlos Manuel Prudente Pereira da Silva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Azores Archipelago (Portugal) is composed of 9 small islands located in the North Atlantic. To overcome the common challenges of this type of territory (e.g. isolation, closed systems, limited physical space and natural resources, endemism, small economies, small populations) and taking advantage of the natural and cultural heritage, the Regional Government of the Azores has based its Tourism Strategy on the high value of nature, landscape, flag species and outdoor experiences with a strong environmental friendly label. Pico Island offers the perfect scenario to enjoy such nature-based tourism activities, welcoming around 15,000 tourists per year, equivalent to the number of residents on the island. The island's natural and cultural heritage is outstanding and Pico Island Natural Park represents 35% of the territory, including several coastal and marine areas. Tourists' awareness about Pico protected areas, their activities and preferences can be extremely important to the management of the Island Natural Park. Integrated in the research project SMARTPARKS, a survey was conducted with 134 tourists, revealing the importance assigned to Pico protected areas and coastal zone. Among coastal and maritime activities, bathing and whale watching are the most frequent activities (57% and 44% of respondents, respectively) and 20% of respondents think whale watching should be promoted. This exploratory study gathered important information for decision-making agencies with respect to solving problems and possible solutions through tourism, namely the application of a fee system to help manage and conserve protected areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)461-466
Number of pages6
JournalJournal Of Coastal Research
Volume70
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2014

Fingerprint

protected area
tourism
cultural heritage
whale
endemism
archipelago
coastal zone
natural resource
decision making
natural heritage
natural park

Keywords

  • Azores
  • island natural park
  • Pico Island
  • sustainable tourism

Cite this

Fonseca, Catarina ; Calado, Helena ; Moniz, Fabiana ; Bragagnolo, Chiara ; Gil, Artur ; Phillips, Mike ; Moreira, Miguel ; Esteves, Margarida Angélica Pires Pereira ; Silva, Carlos Manuel Prudente Pereira da. / Coastal and marine protected areas as key elements for tourism in small islands. In: Journal Of Coastal Research. 2014 ; Vol. 70. pp. 461-466.
@article{c38ab66d99c14581800c221564bc5bdc,
title = "Coastal and marine protected areas as key elements for tourism in small islands",
abstract = "The Azores Archipelago (Portugal) is composed of 9 small islands located in the North Atlantic. To overcome the common challenges of this type of territory (e.g. isolation, closed systems, limited physical space and natural resources, endemism, small economies, small populations) and taking advantage of the natural and cultural heritage, the Regional Government of the Azores has based its Tourism Strategy on the high value of nature, landscape, flag species and outdoor experiences with a strong environmental friendly label. Pico Island offers the perfect scenario to enjoy such nature-based tourism activities, welcoming around 15,000 tourists per year, equivalent to the number of residents on the island. The island's natural and cultural heritage is outstanding and Pico Island Natural Park represents 35{\%} of the territory, including several coastal and marine areas. Tourists' awareness about Pico protected areas, their activities and preferences can be extremely important to the management of the Island Natural Park. Integrated in the research project SMARTPARKS, a survey was conducted with 134 tourists, revealing the importance assigned to Pico protected areas and coastal zone. Among coastal and maritime activities, bathing and whale watching are the most frequent activities (57{\%} and 44{\%} of respondents, respectively) and 20{\%} of respondents think whale watching should be promoted. This exploratory study gathered important information for decision-making agencies with respect to solving problems and possible solutions through tourism, namely the application of a fee system to help manage and conserve protected areas.",
keywords = "Azores, island natural park, Pico Island, sustainable tourism",
author = "Catarina Fonseca and Helena Calado and Fabiana Moniz and Chiara Bragagnolo and Artur Gil and Mike Phillips and Miguel Moreira and Esteves, {Margarida Ang{\'e}lica Pires Pereira} and Silva, {Carlos Manuel Prudente Pereira da}",
note = "WOS:000338176100079",
year = "2014",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.2112/SI70-078.1",
language = "English",
volume = "70",
pages = "461--466",
journal = "Journal Of Coastal Research",
issn = "0749-0208",
publisher = "Coastal Education and Research Foundation (CERF)",

}

Coastal and marine protected areas as key elements for tourism in small islands. / Fonseca, Catarina; Calado, Helena; Moniz, Fabiana; Bragagnolo, Chiara; Gil, Artur; Phillips, Mike; Moreira, Miguel; Esteves, Margarida Angélica Pires Pereira; Silva, Carlos Manuel Prudente Pereira da.

In: Journal Of Coastal Research, Vol. 70, 01.04.2014, p. 461-466.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Coastal and marine protected areas as key elements for tourism in small islands

AU - Fonseca, Catarina

AU - Calado, Helena

AU - Moniz, Fabiana

AU - Bragagnolo, Chiara

AU - Gil, Artur

AU - Phillips, Mike

AU - Moreira, Miguel

AU - Esteves, Margarida Angélica Pires Pereira

AU - Silva, Carlos Manuel Prudente Pereira da

N1 - WOS:000338176100079

PY - 2014/4/1

Y1 - 2014/4/1

N2 - The Azores Archipelago (Portugal) is composed of 9 small islands located in the North Atlantic. To overcome the common challenges of this type of territory (e.g. isolation, closed systems, limited physical space and natural resources, endemism, small economies, small populations) and taking advantage of the natural and cultural heritage, the Regional Government of the Azores has based its Tourism Strategy on the high value of nature, landscape, flag species and outdoor experiences with a strong environmental friendly label. Pico Island offers the perfect scenario to enjoy such nature-based tourism activities, welcoming around 15,000 tourists per year, equivalent to the number of residents on the island. The island's natural and cultural heritage is outstanding and Pico Island Natural Park represents 35% of the territory, including several coastal and marine areas. Tourists' awareness about Pico protected areas, their activities and preferences can be extremely important to the management of the Island Natural Park. Integrated in the research project SMARTPARKS, a survey was conducted with 134 tourists, revealing the importance assigned to Pico protected areas and coastal zone. Among coastal and maritime activities, bathing and whale watching are the most frequent activities (57% and 44% of respondents, respectively) and 20% of respondents think whale watching should be promoted. This exploratory study gathered important information for decision-making agencies with respect to solving problems and possible solutions through tourism, namely the application of a fee system to help manage and conserve protected areas.

AB - The Azores Archipelago (Portugal) is composed of 9 small islands located in the North Atlantic. To overcome the common challenges of this type of territory (e.g. isolation, closed systems, limited physical space and natural resources, endemism, small economies, small populations) and taking advantage of the natural and cultural heritage, the Regional Government of the Azores has based its Tourism Strategy on the high value of nature, landscape, flag species and outdoor experiences with a strong environmental friendly label. Pico Island offers the perfect scenario to enjoy such nature-based tourism activities, welcoming around 15,000 tourists per year, equivalent to the number of residents on the island. The island's natural and cultural heritage is outstanding and Pico Island Natural Park represents 35% of the territory, including several coastal and marine areas. Tourists' awareness about Pico protected areas, their activities and preferences can be extremely important to the management of the Island Natural Park. Integrated in the research project SMARTPARKS, a survey was conducted with 134 tourists, revealing the importance assigned to Pico protected areas and coastal zone. Among coastal and maritime activities, bathing and whale watching are the most frequent activities (57% and 44% of respondents, respectively) and 20% of respondents think whale watching should be promoted. This exploratory study gathered important information for decision-making agencies with respect to solving problems and possible solutions through tourism, namely the application of a fee system to help manage and conserve protected areas.

KW - Azores

KW - island natural park

KW - Pico Island

KW - sustainable tourism

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84926201917&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.2112/SI70-078.1

DO - 10.2112/SI70-078.1

M3 - Article

VL - 70

SP - 461

EP - 466

JO - Journal Of Coastal Research

JF - Journal Of Coastal Research

SN - 0749-0208

ER -