Clinical relevance of nitric oxide metabolites and nitrative stress in thrombotic primary antiphospholipid syndrome

Paul R.J. Ames, Joana R. Batuca, Antonio Ciampa, Luigi Iannaccone, Jose Delgado Alves

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. To assess the role of nitrite (NO2-), nitrate (NO3-), and nitrative stress in thrombotic primary antiphospholipid syndrome (PAPS). Methods. We investigated 46 patients with PAPS: 21 asymptomatic but persistent carriers of antiphospholipid antibodies (PCaPL), 38 patients with inherited thrombophilia (IT), 33 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and 29 healthy controls (CTR). IgG anticardiolipin (aCL), IgG anti-beta2-glycoprotein I (anti-β2-GPI), IgG anti-high density lipoprotein (aHDL), IgG anti-apolipoprotein A-I (aApoA-I), crude nitrotyrosine (NT) (an indicator of nitrative stress), and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) were measured by immunoassays. Plasma nitrite (NO2-), nitrate (NO 3-), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) were measured by colorimetric spectroscopic assays. Results. Average plasma NO2 - was lower in PAPS, PCaPL, and IT (p < 0.0001); average NO 3- was highest in SLE (p < 0.0001), whereas average NT was higher in PAPS and SLE (p = 0.01). In thrombotic PAPS, IgG aCL titer and number of vascular occlusions negatively predicted NO2- (p = 0.03 and p = 0.001, respectively), whereas arterial occlusions and smoking positively predicted NO3- (p = 0.05 and p = 0.005), and CRP positively predicted NT (p = 0.004). In the PCaPL group IgG aCL negatively predicted NO3- (p = 0.03). In the SLE group IgG aCL negatively predicted NO2- (p = 0.03) and NO 3- (p = 0.02). Conclusion. PAPS is characterized by decreased NO2- in relation to type and number of vascular occlusions and to aPL titers. Nitrative stress and low grade inflammation are linked phenomena in PAPS and may have implications for thrombosis and atherosclerosis. The Journal of Rheumatology

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2523-2530
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Rheumatology
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • Antiphospholipid syndrome
  • Nitrate
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitrite
  • Thrombosis

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