Climate Change and Extreme Events in Northeast Atlantic and Azores Islands Region

Fernanda Silva Carvalho, Maria Gabriela Meirelles, Diamantino Henriques, João Porteiro, Patrícia Navarro, Helena Cristina Vasconcelos

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Abstract

In small island regions, the influence of climate change assumes particular relevance. In the Azores archipelago, made up of nine islands, the geographical circumstances, oceanic condition, territorial dispersion, land use model and other physiographic constraints reinforce and enhance the vulnerability of the islands to changes in current weather patterns. Coupled Model Intercomparison Phase 6 (CMIP6) projections are used for the northeast Atlantic region to evaluate daily extreme climate events in large scale for the Azores region. Results shows changes in the annual maximum number of consecutive dry days, the annual number of wet days, and especially in the annual number of tropical nights. Despite limitations due to the lack of spatial detail, the large-scale framework suggests changes that may be enhanced by topography, particularly with respect to precipitation. The conclusions point to the need to establish standard rules in the processes of design, reviewing and/or amending territorial management instruments at the municipal scale in the Autonomous Region of the Azores, with the goal of adapting to a different climate from the recent past.
Original languageEnglish
Article number238
Number of pages20
JournalClimate
Volume11
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Dec 2023

Keywords

  • adaptation
  • Azores
  • climate change
  • CMIP6
  • spatial planning and management
  • SSP

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