Choroidal Vascular Impairment in Intermediate Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Rita Flores, Ângela Carneiro, Guilherme Neri, Ana C Fradinho, Bruno Quenderra, Maria João Barata, Sandra Tenreiro, Miguel C Seabra

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2 Citations (Scopus)
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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a multifactorial disease, whose complete pathogenesis is still unclear. Local hemodynamics may play a crucial role in its manifestation and progression. To evaluate choroidal and retinal vascular parameters, a total of 134 eyes were analyzed, 100 with intermediate AMD and 34 age matched healthy controls. 131 eyes of 104 patients were eligible for complete image assessment and 3 eyes were excluded for insufficient image quality: Group 1: intermediate AMD ( n = 97) and Group 2: healthy controls ( n = 34). Spectral domain optic coherence tomography (SD-OCT) with enhanced depth imaging (EDI) and optic coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A) were acquired using Spectralis (Heidelberg Engineering). Choroid and retinal capillary plexus were evaluated and image binarization was used to obtain quantitative data. Mean age was 77.67 years old (YO) and 67.2% were women. Total subfoveal choroidal area and luminal area were significantly reduced in Group 1 compared with Group 2 (0.88 mm 2 and 0.40 mm 2 vs. 1.24 mm 2 and 0.55 mm 2, respectively) ( p < 0.05). Regarding choriocapillary flow density, AMD eyes recorded reduced values (34.83%) compared with controls (36.25%) ( p < 0.05). Chorioretinal vasculature is impaired in intermediate AMD patients and vascular parameters could be attractive new prognostic biomarkers. Future therapeutic approaches may target this vascular dysfunction and delay disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1290
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2022


  • intermediate AMD
  • chorioretinal vasculature
  • optical coherence tomography
  • OCTangiography


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