Characterization of the nuclear localization signal of the hepatitis delta virus antigen

Carolina Alves, Natália Freitas, Celso Cunha

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19 Citations (Scopus)


The delta antigen (HDAg) is the only protein encoded by the hepatitis delta virus (HDV) RNA genome. The HDAg contains an RNA binding domain, a dimerization domain, and a nuclear localization signal (NLS). The nuclear import of HDV RNPs is thought to be one of the first tasks of the HDAg during the HDV replication cycle. Using c-myc-PK fusions with several regions of the HDAg in transfection assays in Huh7 cells, we found that the HDAg NLS consists of a single stretch of 10 amino acids, EGAPPAKRAR, located in positions 66-75. Deletion and mutation analysis of this region showed that both the acidic glutamic acid residue at position 66 and the basic arginine residue at position 75 are essential for promoting nuclear import.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
VolumeVol. 370
Issue numbern.º 1
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2008


  • Delta antigen
  • Hepatitis D virus
  • Nuclear localization signal

UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

  • SDG 3 - Good Health and Well-Being

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