Characterization of chars produced in the co-pyrolysis of different wastes: Decontamination study

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Abstract

The present work is devoted to the study of the decontamination of chars obtained in the co-pyrolysis of plastics, biomass and tyre wastes. The chars were extracted with several organic solvents of different polarities either individually or in sequence. The ability of each selected extractant to remove toxic pollutants was evaluated by comparing the extraction yields and by characterizing the crude extracts with a combination of chemical analysis and toxicity bioassays. Also, the mineral composition of the treated and non-treated chars was assessed. The results obtained in this study indicate that hexane is the more efficient extraction solvent to be used in the organic decontamination of chars obtained in the co-pyrolysis of plastics, tyres and biomass. A sequential extraction with solvents of increasing polarity can provide a better decontamination of the raw pyrolysis char than any individual extraction. The compounds removed from the char during the decontamination process are mainly aliphatic hydrocarbons and aromatic hydrocarbons, therefore a material that may be upgraded to be used as a fuel and/or as raw material for the organic chemical industry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume207-208
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Bioassay
  • Chars
  • Ecotoxicity
  • Extraction solvents
  • Pyrolysis

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