Characterization and electrochemical behaviour of nanostructured calcium samarium manganite electrodes fabricated by RF-Magnetron Sputtering

B. Barrocas, S. Serio, A. Rovisco, Y. Nunes, A. I. de Sa, M. I. da Silva Pereira, M. E. Melo Jorge

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Abstract

Ca1-xSmxMnO3 (0 = 0.1. Scanning electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy revealed that the films surface is dense, with low roughness, depending on the Sm content, even though a few cracks were observed. Crystallite size was found to decrease with the Sm content. The electrodes were characterized by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). The oxide electrode's capacitance was estimated using both techniques and the corresponding roughness factors evaluated. The values obtained from the two methods show a good agreement. A comparison between the voltammetric data and those referred in the literature allowed finding out that the redox reaction occurring at the electrode surface involves the pair Mn4+/Mn3+. EIS measurements confirm the voltammetric data and they also give additional information about the film porosity and the charge transfer resistance. This last parameter is associated with the oxidation and reduction of the pair Mn3+/Mn4+ and after normalized by the roughness factor shows an increase with samarium content. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)99-107
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume137
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2014

Keywords

  • Ca1-xSmxMnO3 films
  • Manganites electrodes
  • Cyclic voltammetry
  • RF-magnetron sputtering
  • Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • Electrode roughness
  • METAL-INSULATOR-TRANSITION
  • OXIDE FUEL-CELLS
  • PEROVSKITE ELECTRODES
  • OXYGEN EVOLUTION
  • ALKALINE MEDIA
  • FILMS
  • ELECTROCATALYSIS
  • CATHODE
  • POWDER
  • COATINGS

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