This chapter deals with two types of carbon-supported vanadium catalysts: vanadium (soluble) complexes anchored on different types of carbon supports and vanadium oxides supported on carbon materials. The first type of catalysts is still scarce in literature, consisting mainly on the heterogenisation of Schiff base complexes (with vanadyl acetylacetonate being the most common). The second type is much more abundant. The most common materials include V2O5 in its composition and the most used carbon support is activated carbon. However, more recent works deal with other types of supports, such as carbon nanotubes and other graphene or graphitic-based materials.