Changing from an unusual high-temperature demixing to a UCST-type in mixtures of 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis{(trifluoromethyl)sulfonyl}amide and arenes

Joanna Łachwa, Jerzy Szydłowski, Anna Makowska, Kenneth R. Seddon, José M. S. S. Esperança, Henrique J. R. Guedes, Luís Paulo N. Rebelo

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Abstract

Upper critical solution temperature (UCST) combined with a high-temperature demixing type of phase diagrams are reported for binary liquid mixtures containing the ionic liquids, 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium bis{(trifluoromethyl) sulfonyl}amide ([Cnmim][NTf2], where n = 2, 4, 6, 8, 10) and benzene, toluene, or α-methylstyrene (PhC(Me)*CH2), at atmospheric and moderately high pressure. The phase diagrams were determined either using a dynamic method with visual detection of phase transitions or a laser light scattering technique. In our investigations, as the imidazolium alkyl chain length of the ionic liquid increases, the mixtures containing an arene evolve from a rarely found high-temperature demixing behaviour, to "hour-glass", to the common phase splitting as temperature diminishes (UCST, whenever a critical point was found). For the three systems containing specifically [C10mim][NTf2] with benzene, toluene, or α-methylstyrene, data were also collected up to 5 MPa using a high-pressure laser light scattering apparatus. For all phase diagrams, the critical compositions correspond to low concentrations of the ionic liquid. This fact underlies the possibility that ionic liquids, even in relatively dilute solutions, tend to form multiple-ion aggregates. This was corroborated by electro-spray mass spectrometry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-267
Number of pages6
JournalGreen Chemistry
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2006
Event1st International Conference on Ionic Liquids (COIL) - Salzburg, Austria
Duration: 19 Jun 200522 Jun 2005

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Keywords

  • Ionic liquids
  • Phase equilibria
  • Liquid-liquid equilibria

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