Challenges in Vector and Trial Design Using Retroviral Vectors for Long-Term Gene Correction in Hematopoietic Stem Cell Gene Therapy

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Over the past two decades, incredible progress has been made using gene therapy for inherited severe immunodeficiency disorders, such as X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency disorder (SCID-X1) and adenosine deaminase deficiency–severe combined immunodeficiency disorder (ADA-SCID).1,2,3 However, for reasons that remain unclear, gene transfer for SCID-X1 has also been associated with some cases of vector-induced leukemia whereas no cases have been seen in the ADA-SCID trials despite the common use of g-retroviral vectors. The first case was reported in a French gene transfer trial for SCID-X1. Over the next six years, an additional three cases were reported in that trial and one in a second SCID-X1 trial that enrolled a combined total of 20 subjects. Unfortunately, genotoxicity would not remain confined to SCID-X1.
Original languageUnknown
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012

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