CFAP300: Mutations in slavic patients with primary ciliary dyskinesia and a role in ciliary dynein arms trafficking

Ewa Zietkiewicz, Zuzanna Bukowy-Bieryllo, Alicja Rabiasz, Patrycja Daca-Roszak, Alina Wojda, Katarzyna Voelkel, Ewa Rutkiewicz, Andrzej Pogorzelski, Margarida Rasteiro, Michal Witt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare, genetically heterogeneous hereditary disease from a class of ciliopathies. In spite of the recent progress, the genetic basis of PCD in one-third of patients remains unknown. In search for new genes and/or mutations, whole-exome sequencing was performed in 120 unrelated Polish patients with PCD, in whom no genetic cause of PCD was earlier identified. Among a number of pathogenic variants in PCD genes, mutations in CFAP300 (alias C11orf70) were detected. Extended screening in the whole Polish PCD cohort revealed the relatively high frequency (3.6%) of otherwise rare c.[198_200 del_insCC] variant, indicating that it should be included in population-specific genetic tests for PCD in Slavic populations. Immunofluorescence analysis of the respiratory epithelial cells from patients with CFAP300 mutations revealed the absence or aberrant localization of outer and inner dynein arm markers, consistent with transmission electron microscope images indicating the lack of both dynein arms. Interestingly, the disparate localization of DNAH5 and DNALI1 proteins in patients with CFAP300 mutations suggested differential mechanisms for the trafficking of preassembled outer and inner dynein arms to the axoneme. The profile of CFAP300 expression during ciliogenesis in suspension culture was consistent with its role in cilia assembly. Gene silencing experiments, performed in a model organism, Schmidtea mediterranea (flatworm), pointed to the conserved role of CFAP300 in ciliary function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)400-449
Number of pages50
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume61
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Cilia assembly
  • Founder effect
  • Gene silencing
  • Planaria
  • Population

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