Cationic and Neutral (Ar-BIAN) Copper( I) Complexes Containing Phosphane and Arsane Ancillary Ligands: Synthesis, Molecular Structure and Catalytic Behaviour in Cycloaddition Reactions of Azides and Alkynes

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A series of new cationic and neutral (Ar-BIAN)copper(I) complexes [in which Ar-BIAN = bis(aryl)acenaphthenequinonediimine] was synthesised and characterised by elemental analysis, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The cationic complexes of the general formula [Cu(Ar-BIAN)L2]BF4[L2= (PPh3)2(1), dppe (2), dppf (3), (AsPh3)2(4); Ar = 4-iPrC6H4(a), 4-MeOC6H4(b), 4-NO2C6H4(c), 2-iPrC6H4(d), Ph2PCH2CH2PPh2(dppe), (Ph2PC5H4)2Fe (dppf)] were synthesised by reaction of [Cu(EPh3)4]BF4(E = P or As) and equimolar amounts of Ar-BIAN ligands, or by reaction of equimolar amounts of [Cu(NCMe)4]BF4, 4-iPrC6H4-BIAN (a) and diphosphanes dppe or dppf, in dichloromethane, whereas the neutral complexes of the types [CuX(Ar-BIAN)(EPh3)] [X = Cl, E = P (5); X = I, E = P (6); X = Cl, E = As (9)] and [{CuX(Ar-BIAN)}2] [X = Cl (7), I (8); Ar =a,b,c,d, 2,4,6-Me3C6H2(e), 2,6-iPr2C6H3(f)] were prepared by reaction of CuCl or CuI with equimolar amounts of Ar-BIAN and EPh3(E = P, As or Sb) in acetonitrile under reflux conditions. The type of ancillary ligand EPh3and the aryl substituents on Ar-BIAN play crucial roles in determining the formation of cationic or neutral copper(I) complexes. No copper(I) complexes containing coordinated SbPh3were isolated; all the corresponding attempts led to dimeric complexes7or8. Most of the complexes crystallised easily. Their study by X-ray diffraction revealed distorted-tetrahedral geometries around the copper(I) centres, which are quite influenced by the various aryl substituents on Ar-BIAN and the ancillary ligands EPh3. All complexes1–9except cationic dppf derivative3aare active catalysts for cycloaddition reactions of alkynes and azides, and also show good tolerance towards functionalised substituents of alkynes and azides. Among them, the PPh3-coordinated complexes1,5and6afforded the highest catalytic activities [turnover frequency = 26.9–45.7 h–1].
Original languageUnknown
Pages (from-to)1404-1417
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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