Care of the Self: The Opposition Between “Lover of Self” (φίλος αὑτῷ) and “Excessive Love of Self” (σφόδρα ἑαυτοῦ φιλία) in Plato’s Laws

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

Abstract

In Laws IV-V, Plato highlights that care of/for the self (attachment or dedication to the self) contains ambiguity and involves a fundamental alternative: φίλος αὑτῷ/σφόδρα ἑαυτοῦ φιλία. This paper analyses the meaning of this alternative, the questions it raises and its implications – in particular: (a) the reason for which the second form of care for the self has a defective character and constitutes the origin of all faults (πάντων ἁμαρτημάτων αἴτιον); (b) how the very care for the self can lead to a misrepresenting of the self and of all it interacts with; (c) in what sense the σφόδρα ἑαυτοῦ φιλία has to do with a claim to know (οἴεσθαι εἰδέναι); (d) what is the link between the opposition mentioned above and the “secondary” character of the ψυχή when compared to the gods sc. to the “divine” (θεῖον); and, lastly, e) what a correct (ὀρθῶς) care of/for the self would consist of.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvancing Global Bioethics
EditorsJoaquim Braga, Mário Santiago de Carvalho
Place of PublicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Pages227-241
Number of pages15
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-75478-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-71240-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Publication series

NameAdvancing Global Bioethics
Volume16
ISSN (Print)2212-652X
ISSN (Electronic)2212-6538

Keywords

  • Confusion
  • Ignorance
  • Knowledge
  • Oneself
  • “Divine”

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Care of the Self: The Opposition Between “Lover of Self” (φίλος αὑτῷ) and “Excessive Love of Self” (σφόδρα ἑαυτοῦ φιλία) in Plato’s Laws'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this