Carbon Materials Derived from Cyano-Based IL@ZIF-8 Composites for CO2 Sorption Separation Systems

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The sorption capacity and selectivity of pre- and post-carbonized cyano-based metal-organic framework (MOF) composite materials (cyano-based IL@ZIF-8) were investigated for the first time. The influence of the ionic liquid (IL) loading and number of cyano groups in the IL anion on a materials gas sorption separation performance was studied. Sorption-desorption equilibrium isotherms of CO2, CH4, and N2 were measured at 303 K in the ZIF-8, cyano-based IL@ZIF-8 composites and their derived carbon materials. The IL loading did not significantly affect the gas uptake of the carbon materials, while for the composites its main contribution was on the increase of the selectivity. The number of cyano groups in the anion played a key role in the sorption capacity and selectivity performance as it directly affects the N content and textural properties. The carbon material obtained from ZIF-8 (C_ZIF-8) precursor showed the best sorption capacity for all gases, just being surpassed by the C_15%[C6MIM][B(CN)4]@ZIF-8 carbon up to 1 bar. In terms of selectivity performance, carbons based on [C6MIM][B(CN)4]@ZIF-8 composites revealed to be equally or more selective than C_ZIF-8, increasing up to 65% between 0 and 1 bar depending on the mixture. The composites produced and their respective carbons demonstrated a promising application as sorbents for post-combustion CO2 separation systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100353
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials Today Sustainability
Early online dateMar 2023
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2023


  • CO2 separation
  • Biogas upgrading
  • Zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8)
  • Ionic liquids (ILs)
  • IL@MOF composites and derived carbons


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