Cancer Incidence, Mortality, Years of Life Lost, Years Lived with Disability, and Disability-Adjusted Life Years for 29 Cancer Groups from 2010 to 2019: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

Jonathan M. Kocarnik, Kelly Compton, Frances E. Dean, Weijia Fu, Brian L. Gaw, James D. Harvey, Hannah Jacqueline Henrikson, Dan Lu, Alyssa Pennini, Rixing Xu, Emad Ababneh, Mohsen Abbasi-Kangevari, Hedayat Abbastabar, Sherief M. Abd-Elsalam, Amir Abdoli, Aidin Abedi, Hassan Abidi, Hassan Abolhassani, Isaac Akinkunmi Adedeji, Qorinah Estiningtyas Sakilah AdnaniShailesh M. Advani, Muhammad Sohail Afzal, Mohammad Aghaali, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Sajjad Ahmad, Tauseef Ahmad, Ali Ahmadi, Sepideh Ahmadi, Tarik Ahmed Rashid, Yusra Ahmed Salih, Gizachew Taddesse Akalu, Addis Aklilu, Tayyaba Akram, Chisom Joyqueenet Akunna, Hanadi Al Hamad, Fares Alahdab, Ziyad Al-Aly, Saqib Ali, Yousef Alimohamadi, Vahid Alipour, Syed Mohamed Aljunid, Motasem Alkhayyat, Amir Almasi-Hashiani, Nihad A. Almasri, Sadeq Ali Ali Al-Maweri, Sami Almustanyir, Nivaldo Alonso, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Hubert Amu, Etsay Woldu Anbesu, Robert Ancuceanu, Fereshteh Ansari, Alireza Ansari-Moghaddam, Maxwell Hubert Antwi, Davood Anvari, Anayochukwu Edward Anyasodor, Muhammad Aqeel, Jalal Arabloo, Morteza Arab-Zozani, Olatunde Aremu, Hany Ariffin, Timur Aripov, Muhammad Arshad, Al Artaman, Judie Arulappan, Zatollah Asemi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Tahira Ashraf, Prince Atorkey, Avinash Aujayeb, Marcel Ausloos, Atalel Fentahun Awedew, Beatriz Paulina Ayala Quintanilla, Temesgen Ayenew, Mohammed A. Azab, Sina Azadnajafabad, Amirhossein Azari Jafari, Ghasem Azarian, Ahmed Y. Azzam, Ashish D. Badiye, Saeed Bahadory, Atif Amin Baig, Jennifer L. Baker, Senthilkumar Balakrishnan, Maciej Banach, Till Winfried Bärnighausen, Francesco Barone-Adesi, Fabio Barra, Amadou Barrow, Masoud Behzadifar, Uzma Iqbal Belgaumi, Woldesellassie M.Mequanint Bezabhe, Yihienew Mequanint Bezabih, Devidas S. Bhagat, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Nikha Bhardwaj, Pankaj Bhardwaj, Sonu Bhaskar, Krittika Bhattacharyya, Vijayalakshmi S. Bhojaraja, Sadia Bibi, Ali Bijani, Antonio Biondi, Catherine Bisignano, Tone Bjørge, Archie Bleyer, Oleg Blyuss, Obasanjo Afolabi Bolarinwa, Srinivasa Rao Bolla, Dejana Braithwaite, Amanpreet Brar, Hermann Brenner, Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira, Nadeem Shafique Butt, Zahid A. Butt, Florentino Luciano Caetano Dos Santos, Yin Cao, Giulia Carreras, Ferrán Catalá-López, Francieli Cembranel, Ester Cerin, Achille Cernigliaro, Raja Chandra Chakinala, Soosanna Kumary Chattu, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Pankaj Chaturvedi, Odgerel Chimed-Ochir, Daniel Youngwhan Cho, Devasahayam J. Christopher, Dinh Toi Chu, Michael T. Chung, Joao Conde, Sanda Cortés, Paolo Angelo Cortesi, Vera Marisa Costa, Amanda Ramos Cunha, Omid Dadras, Amare Belachew Dagnew, Saad M.A. Dahlawi, Xiaochen Dai, Lalit Dandona, Rakhi Dandona, Aso Mohammad Darwesh, José Das Neves, Fernando Pio De La Hoz, Asmamaw Bizuneh Demis, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Deepak Dhamnetiya, Mandira Lamichhane Dhimal, Meghnath Dhimal, Mostafa Dianatinasab, Daniel Diaz, Shirin Djalalinia, Huyen Phuc Do, Saeid Doaei, Fariba Dorostkar, Francisco Winter Dos Santos Figueiredo, Tim Robert Driscoll, Hedyeh Ebrahimi, Sahar Eftekharzadeh, Maha El Tantawi, Hassan El-Abid, Iffat Elbarazi, Hala Rashad Elhabashy, Muhammed Elhadi, Shaimaa I. El-Jaafary, Babak Eshrati, Sharareh Eskandarieh, Firooz Esmaeilzadeh, Arash Etemadi, Sayeh Ezzikouri, Mohammed Faisaluddin, Emerito Jose A. Faraon, Jawad Fares, Farshad Farzadfar, Abdullah Hamid Feroze, Simone Ferrero, Lorenzo Ferro Desideri, Irina Filip, Florian Fischer, James L. Fisher, Masoud Foroutan, Takeshi Fukumoto, Peter Andras Gaal, Mohamed M. Gad, Muktar A. Gadanya, Silvano Gallus, Mariana Gaspar Fonseca, Abera Getachew Obsa, Mansour Ghafourifard, Ahmad Ghashghaee, Nermin Ghith, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Syed Amir Gilani, Themba G. Ginindza, Abraham Tamirat T. Gizaw, James C. Glasbey, Mahaveer Golechha, Pouya Goleij, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Sameer Vali Gopalani, Giuseppe Gorini, Houman Goudarzi, Giuseppe Grosso, Mohammed Ibrahim Mohialdeen Gubari, Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Avirup Guha, D. Sanjeeva Gunasekera, Bhawna Gupta, Veer Bala Gupta, Vivek Kumar Gupta, Reyna Alma Gutiérrez, Nima Hafezi-Nejad, Mohammad Rifat Haider, Arvin Haj-Mirzaian, Rabih Halwani, Randah R. Hamadeh, Sajid Hameed, Samer Hamidi, Asif Hanif, Shafiul Haque, Netanja I. Harlianto, Josep Maria Haro, Ahmed I. Hasaballah, Soheil Hassanipour, Roderick J. Hay, Simon I. Hay, Khezar Hayat, Golnaz Heidari, Mohammad Heidari, Brenda Yuliana Herrera-Serna, Claudiu Herteliu, Kamal Hezam, Ramesh Holla, Md Mahbub Hossain, Mohammad Bellal Hossain Hossain, Mohammad Salar Hosseini, Mostafa Hosseini, Mehdi Hosseinzadeh, Mihaela Hostiuc, Sorin Hostiuc, Mowafa Househ, Mohamed Hsairi, Junjie Huang, Fernando N. Hugo, Rabia Hussain, Nawfal R. Hussein, Bing Fang Hwang, Ivo Iavicoli, Segun Emmanuel Ibitoye, Fidelia Ida, Kevin S. Ikuta, Olayinka Stephen Ilesanmi, Irena M. Ilic, Milena D. Ilic, Lalu Muhammad Irham, Jessica Y. Islam, Rakibul M. Islam, Sheikh Mohammed Shariful Islam, Nahlah Elkudssiah Ismail, Gaetano Isola, Masao Iwagami, Louis Jacob, Vardhmaan Jain, Mihajlo B. Jakovljevic, Tahereh Javaheri, Shubha Jayaram, Seyed Behzad Jazayeri, Ravi Prakash Jha, Jost B. Jonas, Tamas Joo, Nitin Joseph, Farahnaz Joukar, Mikk Jürisson, Ali Kabir, Danial Kahrizi, Leila R. Kalankesh, Rohollah Kalhor, Feroze Kaliyadan, Yogeshwar Kalkonde, Ashwin Kamath, Nawzad Kameran Al-Salihi, Himal Kandel, Neeti Kapoor, André Karch, Ayele Semachew Kasa, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Joonas H. Kauppila, Taras Kavetskyy, Sewnet Adem Kebede, Pedram Keshavarz, Mohammad Keykhaei, Yousef Saleh Khader, Rovshan Khalilov, Gulfaraz Khan, Maseer Khan, Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Moien A.B. Khan, Young Ho Khang, Amir M. Khater, Maryam Khayamzadeh, Gyu Ri Kim, Yun Jin Kim, Adnan Kisa, Sezer Kisa, Katarzyna Kissimova-Skarbek, Jacek A. Kopec, Rajasekaran Koteeswaran, Parvaiz A. Koul, Sindhura Lakshmi Koulmane Laxminarayana, Ai Koyanagi, Burcu Kucuk Bicer, Nuworza Kugbey, G. Anil Kumar, Narinder Kumar, Nithin Kumar, Om P. Kurmi, Tezer Kutluk, Carlo La Vecchia, Faris Hasan Lami, Iván Landires, Paolo Lauriola, Sang Woong Lee, Shaun Wen Huey Lee, Wei Chen Lee, Yo Han Lee, James Leigh, Elvynna Leong, Jiarui Li, Ming Chieh Li, Xuefeng Liu, Joana A. Loureiro, Raimundas Lunevicius, Muhammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Alaa Makki, Shilpa Male, Ahmad Azam Malik, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Santi Martini, Seyedeh Zahra Masoumi, Prashant Mathur, Martin McKee, Ravi Mehrotra, Walter Mendoza, Ritesh G. Menezes, Endalkachew Worku Mengesha, Mohamed Kamal Mesregah, Tomislav Mestrovic, Junmei Miao Jonasson, Bartosz Miazgowski, Tomasz Miazgowski, Irmina Maria Michalek, Ted R. Miller, Hamed Mirzaei, Hamid Reza Mirzaei, Sanjeev Misra, Prasanna Mithra, Masoud Moghadaszadeh, Karzan Abdulmuhsin Mohammad, Yousef Mohammad, Mokhtar Mohammadi, Seyyede Momeneh Mohammadi, Abdollah Mohammadian-Hafshejani, Shafiu Mohammed, Nagabhishek Moka, Ali H. Mokdad, Mariam Molokhia, Lorenzo Monasta, Mohammad Ali Moni, Mohammad Amin Moosavi, Yousef Moradi, Paula Moraga, Joana Morgado-Da-Costa, Shane Douglas Morrison, Abbas Mosapour, Sumaira Mubarik, Lillian Mwanri, Ahamarshan Jayaraman Nagarajan, Shankar Prasad Nagaraju, Chie Nagata, Mukhammad David Naimzada, Vinay Nangia, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Sreenivas Narasimha Swamy, Rawlance Ndejjo, Sabina O. Nduaguba, Ionut Negoi, Serban Mircea Negru, Sandhya Neupane Kandel, Cuong Tat Nguyen, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Robina Khan Niazi, Chukwudi A. Nnaji, Nurulamin M. Noor, Virginia Nuñez-Samudio, Chimezie Igwegbe Nzoputam, Bogdan Oancea, Chimedsuren Ochir, Oluwakemi Ololade Odukoya, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Andrew T. Olagunju, Babayemi Oluwaseun Olakunde, Emad Omar, Ahmed Omar Bali, Abidemi E.Emmanuel Omonisi, Sokking Ong, Obinna E. Onwujekwe, Hans Orru, Doris V. Ortega-Altamirano, Nikita Otstavnov, Stanislav S. Otstavnov, Mayowa O. Owolabi, Mahesh P A, Jagadish Rao Padubidri, Keyvan Pakshir, Adrian Pana, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Songhomitra Panda-Jonas, Shahina Pardhan, Eun Cheol Park, Eun Kee Park, Fatemeh Pashazadeh Kan, Harsh K. Patel, Jenil R. Patel, Siddhartha Pati, Sanjay M. Pattanshetty, Uttam Paudel, David M. Pereira, Renato B. Pereira, Arokiasamy Perianayagam, Julian David Pillay, Saeed Pirouzpanah, Farhad Pishgar, Indrashis Podder, Maarten J. Postma, Hadi Pourjafar, Akila Prashant, Liliana Preotescu, Mohammad Rabiee, Navid Rabiee, Amir Radfar, Raghu Anekal Radhakrishnan, Venkatraman Radhakrishnan, Ata Rafiee, Fakher Rahim, Shadi Rahimzadeh, Mosiur Rahman, Muhammad Aziz Rahman, Amir Masoud Rahmani, Nazanin Rajai, Aashish Rajesh, Ivo Rakovac, Pradhum Ram, Kiana Ramezanzadeh, Kamal Ranabhat, Priyanga Ranasinghe, Chythra R. Rao, Sowmya J. Rao, Reza Rawassizadeh, Mohammad Sadegh Razeghinia, Andre M.N. Renzaho, Negar Rezaei, Nima Rezaei, Aziz Rezapour, Thomas J. Roberts, Jefferson Antonio Buendia Rodriguez, Peter Rohloff, Michele Romoli, Luca Ronfani, Gholamreza Roshandel, Godfrey M. Rwegerera, S. Manjula, Siamak Sabour, Basema Saddik, Umar Saeed, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Harihar Sahoo, Sana Salehi, Marwa Rashad Salem, Hamideh Salimzadeh, Mehrnoosh Samaei, Abdallah M. Samy, Juan Sanabria, Senthilkumar Sankararaman, Milena M. Santric-Milicevic, Yaeesh Sardiwalla, Arash Sarveazad, Brijesh Sathian, Monika Sawhney, Mete Saylan, Ione Jayce Ceola Schneider, Mario Sekerija, Allen Seylani, Omid Shafaat, Zahra Shaghaghi, Masood Ali Shaikh, Erfan Shamsoddin, Mohammed Shannawaz, Rajesh Sharma, Aziz Sheikh, Sara Sheikhbahaei, Adithi Shetty, Jeevan K. Shetty, Pavanchand H. Shetty, Kenji Shibuya, Reza Shirkoohi, K. M. Shivakumar, Velizar Shivarov, Soraya Siabani, Sudeep K. Siddappa Malleshappa, Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Jasvinder A. Singh, Yitagesu Sintayehu, Valentin Yurievich Skryabin, Anna Aleksandrovna Skryabina, Matthew J. Soeberg, Ahmad Sofi-Mahmudi, Houman Sotoudeh, Paschalis Steiropoulos, Kurt Straif, Ranjeeta Subedi, Mu'Awiyyah Babale Sufiyan, Iyad Sultan, Saima Sultana, Daniel Sur, Viktória Szerencsés, Miklós Szócska, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Takahiro Tabuchi, Hooman Tadbiri, Amir Taherkhani, Ken Takahashi, Iman M. Talaat, Ker Kan Tan, Vivian Y. Tat, Bemnet Amare A. Tedla, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Arash Tehrani-Banihashemi, Mohamad Hani Temsah, Fisaha Haile Tesfay, Gizachew Assefa Tessema, Rekha Thapar, Aravind Thavamani, Viveksandeep Thoguluva Chandrasekar, Nihal Thomas, Hamid Reza Tohidinik, Mathilde Touvier, Marcos Roberto Tovani-Palone, Eugenio Traini, Bach Xuan Tran, Khanh Bao Tran, Mai Thi Ngoc Tran, Jaya Prasad Tripathy, Biruk Shalmeno Tusa, Irfan Ullah, Saif Ullah, Krishna Kishore Umapathi, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Era Upadhyay, Marco Vacante, Maryam Vaezi, Sahel Valadan Tahbaz, Diana Zuleika Velazquez, Massimiliano Veroux, Francesco S. Violante, Vasily Vlassov, Bay Vo, Victor Volovici, Giang Thu Vu, Yasir Waheed, Richard G. Wamai, Paul Ward, Yi Feng Wen, Ronny Westerman, Andrea Sylvia Winkler, Lalit Yadav, Seyed Hossein Yahyazadeh Jabbari, Lin Yang, Sanni Yaya, Taklo Simeneh Yazie Yazie, Yigizie Yeshaw, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z. Younis, Zabihollah Yousefi, Chuanhua Yu, Deniz Yuce, Ismaeel Yunusa, Vesna Zadnik, Fariba Zare, Mikhail Sergeevich Zastrozhin, Anasthasia Zastrozhina, Jianrong Zhang, Chenwen Zhong, Linghui Zhou, Cong Zhu, Arash Ziapour, Ivan R. Zimmermann, Christina Fitzmaurice, Christopher J.L. Murray, Lisa M. Force

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Abstract

Importance: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 (GBD 2019) provided systematic estimates of incidence, morbidity, and mortality to inform local and international efforts toward reducing cancer burden. Objective: To estimate cancer burden and trends globally for 204 countries and territories and by Sociodemographic Index (SDI) quintiles from 2010 to 2019. Evidence Review: The GBD 2019 estimation methods were used to describe cancer incidence, mortality, years lived with disability, years of life lost, and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in 2019 and over the past decade. Estimates are also provided by quintiles of the SDI, a composite measure of educational attainment, income per capita, and total fertility rate for those younger than 25 years. Estimates include 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). Findings: In 2019, there were an estimated 23.6 million (95% UI, 22.2-24.9 million) new cancer cases (17.2 million when excluding nonmelanoma skin cancer) and 10.0 million (95% UI, 9.36-10.6 million) cancer deaths globally, with an estimated 250 million (235-264 million) DALYs due to cancer. Since 2010, these represented a 26.3% (95% UI, 20.3%-32.3%) increase in new cases, a 20.9% (95% UI, 14.2%-27.6%) increase in deaths, and a 16.0% (95% UI, 9.3%-22.8%) increase in DALYs. Among 22 groups of diseases and injuries in the GBD 2019 study, cancer was second only to cardiovascular diseases for the number of deaths, years of life lost, and DALYs globally in 2019. Cancer burden differed across SDI quintiles. The proportion of years lived with disability that contributed to DALYs increased with SDI, ranging from 1.4% (1.1%-1.8%) in the low SDI quintile to 5.7% (4.2%-7.1%) in the high SDI quintile. While the high SDI quintile had the highest number of new cases in 2019, the middle SDI quintile had the highest number of cancer deaths and DALYs. From 2010 to 2019, the largest percentage increase in the numbers of cases and deaths occurred in the low and low-middle SDI quintiles. Conclusions and Relevance: The results of this systematic analysis suggest that the global burden of cancer is substantial and growing, with burden differing by SDI. These results provide comprehensive and comparable estimates that can potentially inform efforts toward equitable cancer control around the world..

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-444
JournalJAMA oncology
Volume8
Issue number3
Early online date2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

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