Background: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune disease with beta-cell destruction, resulting in insulin deficiency. It is now clear that environmental factors also play a role in disease development. The prevalence of type 1 diabetes in children and young people in Portugal is 0.16% between 0 and 19 years of age. The main cause of death in T1DM is cardiovascular disease, and early endothelial dysfunction is its pathophysiologycal precursor. Hyperglycemia is associated with increased production of free radicals and increased oxidative stress. The aim of this study was to analyze the antioxidant status in a pediatric portuguese diabetic population.
Methods: The study was conducted to characterize and compare the antioxidant status in children aged 2 - 10 years old, with type 1 diabetes and healthy children. Plasmatic profile of total phenolic content (TPC), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) in children with diabetes and controls, pre-pubescent, and with BMI < 85th centile were evaluated.
Results: FRAP values were significantly lower in diabetic children compared with healthy controls (P < 0.001). There was not any statistical significant difference in the TPC and the TEAC determinations.
Conclusions: Young Portuguese diabetic children have a lower antioxidant status than healthy children.
- Type 1 diabetes