Calcium alginate beads with entrapped iron oxide magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with methionine—a versatile adsorbent for arsenic removal

Surbhi Lilhare, Sunitha B. Mathew, Ajaya K. Singh, Sónia A. C. Carabineiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A novel beads adsorbent, consisting of calcium alginate entrapped on magnetic nanoparti-cles functionalized with methionine (MFMNABs), was developed for effective elimination of arsenic from water. The material was characterized by FT-IR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopic), XRD (X-ray Diffraction) and TEM (Transmission Electron Microscopy). The arsenic removal capacity of the material was studied by altering variables such as pH of the solution, contact time, adsorbent dose and adsorbate concentration. The maximal removal of As(III) was 99.56% under optimal conditions with an equilibrium time of 110 min and pH 7.0–7.5. The adsorption followed a second order kinetics and data best fitted the Langmuir isotherm with a correlation coefficient of R2 = 0.9890 and adsorption capacity (qm ) of 6.6533 mg/g. The thermodynamic study showed entropy change (∆S) and enthalpy change (∆H) to be 34.32 J mol−1 K and 5.25 kJ mol−1, respectively. This study proved that it was feasible to treat an As(III) solution with MFMNABs. The synthesized adsorbent was cost-effective, environmentally friendly and versatile, compared to other adsorbents. The adsorption study was carried by low cost spectrophotometric method using N-bromosuccinimide and rhodamine-B developed in our laboratory.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1345
JournalNanomaterials
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2021

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Arsenic (III)
  • Calcium alginate
  • Magnetic nanoparticles
  • Methionine functionalized
  • Spectrophotometric method

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